How might education, an important structural factor, modify the discrimination and mental health association? To examine the proposed hypotheses, seven OLS regression models Models 1—7 were estimated in Table 3. For instance, unfair treatment a proxy of perceived everyday discrimination , as Kessler et al. Means and standard deviations in parentheses are reported for continuous variables such as age, everyday discrimination and psychological distress. Place of education further conditions the moderating effect of education with the foreign-educated Asian Americans having higher levels of education being affected most negatively by everyday discrimination. The third theory is the relative deprivation theory that summarizes the negative association between income inequality and health [ 37 ].
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Perceived Discrimination and Psychological Distress Among Asian Americans: Does Education Matter?
The performance of the K6 and K10 screening scales for psychological distress in the Australian national survey of mental health and well-being. With all the control variables being included in the full model, Model 6, the effect of discrimination remained intact. The first step was the core sampling: The second step was the supplementary sampling: For instance, are some Asian Americans affected very strongly by discrimination whereas other Asian Americans appear to experience no or only small changes in psychological distress? Relative deprivation and health. The regression coefficients are unstandardized, and standard errors are in parentheses.
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Zeng Z, Xie Y. Although no empirical studies have explicitly examined the stress buffering role of education in the discrimination and mental health association, one study by Mandemakers and Monden [ 18 ] reported that education does help to buffer the impact of the onset of disability one type of stressor on psychological distress. Table 2 Mean values of everyday discrimination and psychological distress by demographics, socioeconomic characteristics, place of education, nativity and English proficiency: To test the direct effect of perceived everyday discrimination and moderating effects of education and place of education on psychological distress, seven Ordinary Least Squares OLS regressions were estimated in Table 3. All these advantages associated with education can be used by individuals to effectively cope with life stressors such as perceived discrimination and alleviate their harmful health consequences. In the social stress literature, many studies have examined the moderating roles of psychosocial resources such as social support, optimism, sense of personal control and self-esteem.
Description:In order to further enlarge the sample size, the third step was applied to recruit the secondary respondents from previously sampled households. The second step was the supplementary sampling: Racism as a stressor for African Americans: However, we should also recognize the aforementioned possible stress buffering role of education. Stratifying the whole sample also reveals distinctive patterns on the significant correlates of psychological distress for the four subsamples. Given that the U. To examine whether perceived everyday discrimination and psychological distress differ by education and other covariates, bivariate analysis was conducted and results were summarized in Table 2.